朱宣咸(1927年浙江——2002年重庆),中国画画家、木刻版画家、漫画家与美术活动家。20世纪40年代初起从事中国画与中国新兴木刻版画,半个多世纪来,创作了大量中国画、版画、漫画、插画、水粉画、水彩画、连环画等作品,并被中国美术馆及各地美术馆、博物馆等收藏;被《中国年鉴》,《中国百年版画》等大型文献收录;从1946年到2002年多次入选国内外一系列重要展览,发表作品数千次,艺术风格被《人民日报》等主要媒体专题评论;出版有《朱宣咸作品选》,《朱宣咸花鸟画选辑》,《朱宣咸木刻版画集》,《朱宣咸风景木刻版画选辑》,《朱宣咸漫画》,《艺术常青——美术家朱宣咸》等;由文化、新闻、出版等六单位联合主办了“朱宣咸从艺五十五年画展”;生平被载入《中国美术辞典》等国家级辞书

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朱宣咸版画《愤怒的火焰在铁窗口燃烧——我的一段经历》
(上海《观察》杂志被查封事件之二)
1940年代作于上海
 
Furious Flame at Prison Bars
——A memory of my experience (2)
By Zhu Xuanxian

In Shanghai City, China, 1940s
(The second work about the close-down of Shanghai Observation magazine (Observation Event) in 1948)
NO.W-010


        朱宣咸作品,成为了记录我国近代史上重要历史事件的唯一美术图像文献。
 
        20世纪40年代,朱宣咸投身上海《观察》杂志。
       1948年12月,蒋介石下令查封《观察》,并逮捕了包括朱宣咸在内的进步人士,这就是近代史上著名的“《观察》事件”。
        后由近代民主运动的先驱、“五四”运动领导人与著名“七君子”之一的王造时担保和营救出狱。

        作为该事件的亲历者,  朱宣咸出狱后将自己的这个亲身经历用刻刀创作出了:《失去自由的人们》、《愤怒的火焰在铁窗口燃烧》、《入狱前的搜身》,正是这些新兴木刻版画作品,成为了至今留下的、真实记录了当时《观察》被查封这一重要历史事件的唯一美术图像文献。
 
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        《观察》是由知名人士储安平1946年9月在上海创办的时政性政论杂志,杂志封面的英文是:INDEPENDENCE(独立)、NON-PARTY(无党无派)、THE OBSERVER(观察)——这是《观察》的基本立场,“民主”、“自由”、“进步”、“公平”等是该杂志的“基本原则和主张”。
        《观察》聚集了当时中国知识分子中最“星光灿烂”的一群人:曹禺、胡适、卞之琳、宗白华、吴晗、季羡林、马寅初、梁实秋、冯友兰、傅雷、朱自清、费孝通、钱钟书、柳无忌、周子亚等。
 
        《观察》是20世纪40年代中国进步民主运动的一面旗帜。
         

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Zhu Xuanxian had been working in the Observation magazine of Shanghai, and in 1948, he was imprisoned due to the well-known “Observation Event” in Chinese modern history. After his release, based on his experiences in prison, he finished the woodcut works including People Who Lost Their Freedom, Furious Flame at the Prison Bar and Body Search before Imprisonment, which were the only fine art literature recording that event truthfully.
 
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Observation
Event: Observation was a weekly periodical about current political affairs, which started publication in Shanghai by a celebrity named Chu Anping in September 1946. The English words surrounding the logo of the magazine on the cover were INDEPENDENCE, NON-PARTY and THE OBSERVER, which indicated the standpoint of the magazine. “Democracy”, “liberty”, “progress” and “rationality” were the pledge of the magazine, while “fairness”, “independence”, “construction” and “objectiveness” were its “basic principles”. Observation was published 113 times in 5 volumes before the Liberation(1949).
 
Observation involved “the most splendid stars” among the intellectuals of China at that time, such as Cao Yu, Hu Shi, Bian Zhilin, Zhou Ziya, Zong Baihua, Wu Han, Ji Xianlin, Liu Wuji, Ma Yinchu, Liang Shiqiu, Feng Youlan, Fu Lei, Fei Xiaotong and Qian Zhongshu, etc. .
 
Observation was an important banner of the progressive and democratic movements, with great influence during that period.
 
In December 1948, the Kuomintang Government closed down Observation magazine according to the order directly given by Jiang Jieshi, and arrested all the staff. It was the famous Observation Event which astonished the whole country and even the world.