朱宣咸(1927年浙江——2002年重庆),中国画画家、木刻版画家、漫画家与美术活动家。20世纪40年代初起从事中国画与中国新兴木刻版画,半个多世纪来,创作了大量中国画、版画、漫画、插画、水粉画、水彩画、连环画等作品,并被中国美术馆及各地美术馆、博物馆等收藏;被《中国年鉴》,《中国百年版画》等大型文献收录;从1946年到2002年多次入选国内外一系列重要展览,发表作品数千次,艺术风格被《人民日报》等主要媒体专题评论;出版有《朱宣咸作品选》,《朱宣咸花鸟画选辑》,《朱宣咸木刻版画集》,《朱宣咸风景木刻版画选辑》,《朱宣咸漫画》,《艺术常青——美术家朱宣咸》等;由文化、新闻、出版等六单位联合主办了“朱宣咸从艺五十五年画展”;生平被载入《中国美术辞典》等国家级辞书

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(1). In the 1940s, the corruption of the Kuomintang Government and the soaring price of goods led to the extensive revolt by the masses. Zhu Xuanxian, still a student at that time, actively took part in the progressive student movement many times. After the movement had been suppressed by the school, he was expelled and escorted out of the school by armed force. After that, he went back to his hometown Taizhou.


 
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(2). Lu Xun and young woodcut painters
 
 The new Chinese woodcut art was initiated and sponsored by Lu Xun, the bannerman of the New Culture Movement of China, in Shanghai, the origin of the New Culture Movement, in the 1930s. The new woodcut art flourished in the White area (KMT-controlled area) of Shanghai and Shanghai also became the origin, frontier and center of the new Chinese woodcut movement.


 
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(3). Wintersweet (Traditional Chinese painting by Zhu Xuanxian in Zhejiang Province, 1943)




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(4). In 1946, Zhu Xuanxian joined the National Woodcut Association of China and dedicated himself to the new Chinese woodcut movement sponsored by Lu Xun.



 
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(5). Shanghai, as the largest metropolis in the Far East, was also the economic and cultural center of China, which had witnessed unprecedented prosperity. However, behind the apparent prosperity was the miserable life of common people. With more and more voice of revolt, the society went to the edge of turmoil.
 
Zhu Xuanxian left his hometown of Zhejiang for Shanghai in the 1940s. During that period, he created a number of poignant and satiric works like spears and daggers, which were published on many newspapers and many exhibitions of Shanghai.



 
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(6).
Observation magazine. 
Furious Flame at Prison Bars (Woodcut by Zhu Xuanxian in Shanghai City, March, 1949)
 
In December 1948, Zhu Xuanxian was imprisoned in the famous “Observation Event” in the modern history of China, and later he was bailed out by Mr. Wang Zaoshi, an outstanding democratic figure in modern China and one of the renowned “Seven Gentlemen”.

After his release, based on his experiences in prison, he finished the woodcut works including People Who Lost Their Freedom, Furious Flame at Prison Bars, Body Search before Imprisonment, which were the only new woodcut literature recording that event truthfully.


 
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(7). Spring Is about to Arrive (Woodcut by Zhu Xuanxian in Shanghai City, April, 1949)



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(8). On May 28, 1949, on behalf of the fine art community of Shanghai, Liu Kaiqu, Yang Keyang, Zhang Leping, Pang Xunqin, Ye Fu, Zhao Yannian and Zhu Xuanxian publicized the “Joint Announcement” on Ta Kung Pao (Ta Kung Newspaper) to support the liberation of Shanghai, and advocated that the fine artists of Shanghai be determined to “serve the people and create the new fine arts of the people according to the new democratic goals”, which marked a new page of the modern fine art history of Shanghai.


 
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(9). Shortly after the liberation of Shanghai in 1949, National Fine Arts Association of China, National Woodcut Association of China and National Caricature Association of China (the three associations were all located at Shanghai then) established a “Joint Office” to meet the need after the Liberation. The “Joint Office” was established at the former site of Jewish Federation Office. Zhu Xuanxian worked in the “Joint Office” and took part in the initial preparation work. (The 2nd one from the left is Zhu Xuanxian)


 
 
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(10). In 1949, the members of National Fine Arts Association of China, National Woodcut Association of China and National Caricature Association of China took picture with Zhu Xuanxian when he was about to leave Shanghai to join the Southwest Service Regiment of the Second Field Corp of the PLA. (The fourth one from the left is Zhu Xuanxian)



 
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Zhu Xuanxian, photographed at the end of 1949.
(11). Zhu Xuanxian and his fellow soldiers experience fierce battles and finally marched to Southwest of China.
 
People's Republic of China (PRC) in October 1, 1949 established. At the end of 1949, Chongqing (Chungking) was liberated and he stayed in Chongqing, ever since. 



 
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(12). On the New Year’s Day of 1950, on the grand ceremony to celebrate the liberation of Chongqing, the procession was holding the large oil painting of the Chief Commander Zhu De, which was finished by Zhu Xuanxian, who was then in the Cultural Troop of the Southwest Service Regiment of the PLA. 



 
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(13). In 1951, Zhu Xuanxian assumed the post of the executive committee member of China National Artists Association (the predecessor of China Artists Association) Chongqing Branch, and was selected a member of the First Session of Chongqing Federation of Literary and Art Circles in the same year. 


 
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(14). In February 1952, when Chongqing Daily Newspaper Office (the now Chongqing Daily News Group) was in the preparation stage, he was transferred from the art troupe to the fine art and photography department, the most important platform of propaganda at the time, and stayed on the position taking charge of the department for 28 years.

Photographed during the preparation of Chongqing Daily Newspaper Office (the 1st one from the right in the 5th row is Zhu Xuanxian)



 
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(15). People are participating in sports, photographed in the 1950s.
 
After the long turmoil, war and misery, China was ushered into a rare peaceful and steady period for primary construction and development after the Liberation in 1949.
 
During that period, people were filled with happiness and it was permeated with a joyous and flourishing atmosphere everywhere.




 
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(16).
Beautiful Blossoms and Branches
Traditional Chinese painting by Zhu Xuanxian in Chongqing City, 1957
Night
Woodcut by Zhu Xuanxian in Chongqing City, 1959

“Once liberated and provided with tranquility, my thought was filled with passion. I enjoyed the incomparable happiness and well-being! I was hospitalized for the reason of my pool health in the 1950s. I often looked back upon the old times during that period, and was always too exited to sleep while thinking my life at present time. I created a colored woodcut named Night in 1959. Although it depicts the happy life in a kindergarten, it derived from my experience in the hospital.” (words of Zhu Xuanxian)




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(17). The beautiful rural scenery just after the Liberation.




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 (18). From the late 1950s to the 1970s, the US and other western countries had been hostile to China for long, Sino-Soviet relations deteriorated quickly, and all kinds of movements such as the 10-year Cultural Revolution were carried out throughout China.
 


 
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(19).
The Old Road of Invader
 Political caricature Zhu Xuanxian in Chongqing City, 1951
The Banyan Lake In Dripping Green
Woodcut by Zhu Xuanxian in Chongqing City, 1957

“For the painters in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, it was natural and normal to truly reflect the reality and frequent political movements at that time.

However, comprehensively viewing Mr. Zhu Xuanxian’s paintings, one unique characteristic is that political works were not dominating among all his works, and that, the obviously politicalized works by Mr. Zhu Xuanxian was handled with poetry and affection. This lyric dealing expressed the painter’s ingenuity breaking through the mainstream and his real understanding to the art as well.” (words of Lin Mu)



 
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(20). Zhu Xuanxian was a member of the preparatory committee of Chongqing Artists Association. Later he was elected the executive vice-chairman and the secretary general of the First Session of Chongqing Artists Association in 1981. After his retirement, he became an advisor of the association. 



 
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(21). “Reform and Opening” refers to the policy of the Central Government of China to reform the economic structure and open up to the outside world which was started from the 1978. This policy promoted the liberation of thought and the development of social productive force. China was ushered into a new era of socialist modernization construction. It is a period of bringing order out of the chaos lasting for over ten years in the history of the PRC, when the whole country needed reconstruction and restructure. 



 
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(22). In 1980, Zhu Xuanxian became the fourth director of Chongqing Masses Art Museum, taking charge of fine art and photography. (the standing one is Zhu Xuanxian)




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(23). Meanwhile, Zhu Xuanxian also acted as the head of Chongqing Fine Art and Photography Exhibition Office, and took charge of Chongqing Fuzichi Art Gallery as well.
 
Chongqing Fuzichi Art Gallery was the only art gallery which could represent Chongqing at that time. So it was called the cultural landmark of Chongqing.
 
Today, the World Trade Center tower of Jiefangbei is located at the former site of Chongqing Fuzichi Art Gallery. 



 
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(24). Zhu Xuanxian was the sponsor of Chongqing Academy of Traditional Chinese Painting (now also named Chongqing Academy of Painting). This is the “Report on the Establishment of Chongqing Academy of Traditional Chinese Painting” he worked out in 1980 plus the related documents. From 1979 to 1981, he did a lot jobs for the establishment of Chongqing Academy of Traditional Chinese Painting at the end of 1981. Zhu Xuanxian was once an advisor to the Academy.
 


 
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(25). In 1984, Zhu Xuanxian was transferred to Chongqing Publishing House (the predecessor of Chongqing Publishing Group) which was just established, taking charge of all the works of the fine art edition department till his retirement in 1989. (the 2nd one from the right is Zhu Xuanxian)



 
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(26). Meanwhile, Zhu Xuanxian is the founder of Chongqing Fine Arts School, which was approved by No.(1984)168 Document of Chongqing Government and founded in 1984. Zhu Xuanxian was the president.



 
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(27). Zhu Xuanxian’s works have been collected by National Art Museum of China and other local galleries and museums as well as other large publications, such as China Yearbook, Chinese Graphic in 100 Years (1900-2000), and The Ardent Spirit in Bitter Cold——Woodcuts Created in Kuomintang-ruled Areas (from 1930 to 1949). From 1946 to 2002, his works have been exhibited in a series of national fine arts exhibitions many times, (China Fine Arts Exhibition in 1946, China National Fine Arts Exhibition in 1948, China National Woodcuts Exhibition in 1948, Southwest Traditional Chinese paintings of Art Exhibition in 1952, the National Caricature Exhibition in 1958, the 3rd National Fine Art Works Exhibition in 1959,

the 4th National Woodcuts Exhibition in 1959, the National Excellent Art Works Exhibition for the 20th Anniversary of Mao Zedong’s Speech on Yanan Literature and Art Group Discussion in 1962, Exhibition of Chinese Graphic in 100 Years in 2000, and Exhibition of Precious Woodcut Works of Shanghai in Earlier Times in 2002 etc.), and thousands of his works of traditional Chinese paintings, woodcut works, caricatures and illustrations were published and promoted by many media.
 
He compiled the large albums including Collection of Winner Works of the 6th National Fine Arts Exhibition and Selected Collection of Traditional Chinese Paintings of Chongqing



 
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 (28). In 1999, the 50th anniversary of the foundation of the People’s Republic of China, Zhu Xuanxian was awarded the medal “For the Founders of the Republic” by the government.
 


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(29). Collection of Woodcuts by Zhu Xuanxian, was published by Chongqing Publishing House in 1996, with its name inscribed by Wang Qi, executive vice-chairman of China Artists Association, Chairman off China Graphic Artists Association, and prefaced by Yang Keyang, a renowned painter. 




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(30). Chinese Paintings of Flower and Bird by Zhu Xuanxian (Selected Collection) and Selected Collection of Landscape Woodcuts by Zhu Xuanxian were published by Southwest China Normal University Press in 1998.
 
Zhu Xuanxian's Art (http://www.zhuxuanxian.com/), (http://zhuxuanxian.com/), was established and open to public visit in 2006.
 
Selected Art Works by Zhu Xuanxian was published by Shanghai People's Fine Arts Publishing House in 2010.
 
The Publishing House is going to publish the Caricature Works by Zhu Xuanxian.




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(31). After the reform and opening up for decades, China has been changing with each passing day in its politics, economy, military, culture, science and technology. It has achieved great results, overall development and remarkable progress. 



 
 





















(32). “Art Exhibition to Celebrate Zhu Xuanxian’s 55—Year Art Career” (Exhibition of Works in Zhu Xuanxian’s 55—Year Art Career) was held in Chongqing on the National Day of 2000. This exhibition was jointly sponsored by 6 organizations in culture, press and publication. The title of this exhibition was inscribed by Hua Junwu, a famous artist and vice-chairman of China Artist Association.
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(33). It Looks Like What Happens To Be, But It Is Chewed To Be What Must Be——Retrospect to My Painting Career of More than 50 Years, By Zhu Xuanxian in 1999. Sixty Years in Painting the Plums, Script of an essay finished by Zhu Xuanxian in 2001.


 
 
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(34). Zhu Xuanxian kept practicing Traditional Chinese Taiji, Kung Fu (Tai Chi, Gongfu)——Shadowboxing (tai chi quan) and Swordsmanhip(tai chi sword) in his spare time. (photographed in 1999)
 



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(35). Zhu Xuanxian (photographed in 2001)



 
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(36). It is the home studio of Zhu Xuanxian located in Jiukengzi of Daping, Yuzhong District, Chongqing City from 1985 to 2002. Most of his works in this period were created here. 



 
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(37). Zhu Xuanxian and his wife Zhang Renshu (born in Chongqing in 1935) was married in Chongqing in 1963. This picture is shot in late 1990s.
 (Their first son Zhu Cheng was born in Chongqing in November 1964, their second son Zhu Jiang was born in Chongqing in February 1968).



 
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(38). Verdant Pine and Red Sun (Traditional Chinese painting by Zhu Xuanxian in Chongqing City, 2002)



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(39). Monorail train of Chongqing in the 21st Century.



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(40). Picturesque Scenery (Calligraphy by Zhu Xuanxian in Chongqing City, 1983)