朱宣咸(1927年浙江——2002年重庆),中国画画家、木刻版画家、漫画家与美术活动家。20世纪40年代初起从事中国画与中国新兴木刻版画,半个多世纪来,创作了大量中国画、版画、漫画、插画、水粉画、水彩画、连环画等作品,并被中国美术馆及各地美术馆、博物馆等收藏;被《中国年鉴》,《中国百年版画》等大型文献收录;从1946年到2002年多次入选国内外一系列重要展览,发表作品数千次,艺术风格被《人民日报》等主要媒体专题评论;出版有《朱宣咸作品选》,《朱宣咸花鸟画选辑》,《朱宣咸木刻版画集》,《朱宣咸风景木刻版画选辑》,《朱宣咸漫画》,《艺术常青——美术家朱宣咸》等;由文化、新闻、出版等六单位联合主办了“朱宣咸从艺五十五年画展”;生平被载入《中国美术辞典》等国家级辞书

首页/Home Page - 生平/A Life of Zhu Xuanxian




艺贯中西

——美术家朱宣咸

 

 

朱宣咸 (1927年浙江台州——2002年重庆),又名:浙人。杰出的中国画画家、中国新兴木刻版画家、漫画家与美术活动家。

 

艺术精神

 

朱宣咸的艺术之路是由投枪匕首而到纯美艺术,毕生彰显了对真、善、美理想不懈追求与讴歌的艺术精神。

 

艺术风貌

 

大半个世纪对中西绘画、传统与现代美术孜孜不倦的探索,在中国画中融入西方艺术的元素,在版画、漫画等西画中赋予写意等中国画修养。在深厚遒劲的传统功力基础上,师传统而不泥古,充满新意、充满生机、充满清新的气息与积极向上之朝气。形成了中西绘画相结合、传统与现代相交融的艺术成就。

创作了一批洋溢着鲜明时代感、社会性、学术性、艺术多元性、系统完整性与文献价值的中国画、中国新兴木刻版画、时政漫画、水彩画、水粉画、插画、连环画等作品。

 

展览与出版

 

1944年起,创作了不少作品发表于当时上海、浙江的各报刊,并参加一系列进步美术展览与进步美术运动。1949年后,作品入选一系列重要展览与国家级美展,被中国美术馆等收藏,多部大型文献和美术辞书收录,主要媒体专题评论,发表上千次。

先后在香港、重庆、浙江、上海等举办“朱宣咸作品展”、“朱宣咸从艺五十五年画展”、“朱宣咸作品家乡展”、“清气·朱宣咸小品展”、“朱宣咸画展”、“朱宣咸艺术展、“朱宣咸艺术回顾展”、“丹青岁月——朱宣咸中国画作品展”等个人画展。

出版《朱宣咸作品选》、《朱宣咸花鸟画选辑》、《朱宣咸木刻版画集》、《朱宣咸风景木刻版画选辑》、《朱宣咸漫画》、《艺术常青——美术家朱宣咸》、《朱宣咸美术作品选》等多个画种的个人画集。

 

在中国最早介入现代艺术的那一批人

早期上海美术与浙江美术的代表之一

 

20世纪上半叶,作为在中国最早介入现代艺术的那一批人,朱宣咸由浙江到上海,投身海上艺术、鲁迅新兴木刻版画、以作品为武器战斗在了抗日战争的前沿。1946年加入中华全国美协,创作了大量作品,是早期上海美术与浙江美术的代表之一。

 

参与签署美术史上具有

划时代意义的“美术工作者宣言”

 

1940年代,朱宣咸与刘开渠、张乐平、庞薰琹、杨可扬等作为美术界代表,签署了中国美术史上具有划时代意义的“美术工作者宣言”,决心“为人民服务,依照新民主主义所指示的目标,创造人民的新美术”,该宣言的发表也意味着国统区美术史从此翻开了崭新的一页。同时,进入白区进步美术力量核心的中华全国美术协会、中华全国木刻协会、中华全国漫画协会联合办事处,参与早期美术事业的建立。

 

里程碑历史事件中唯一的美术家

 

作为核心成员、1940年代在上海直接参与《观察》工作、并亲历“《观察》事件”,是中国近现代史上、这一具有里程碑意义之自由民主运动中唯一的美术家。

 

1949年后四川与重庆美术的

奠基人之一

 

1940年代末,朱宣咸参加中国人民解放军;1949年底,随军南下到达四川重庆。是解放重庆入城式队伍前高举的大幅领袖油画画像的作者。1951年,任中华全国美术工作者协会(今中国美术家协会)重庆执委;同年,参与创建重庆市文联。1953年,参与创建并作为负责人之一领导了西南美术工作者协会(工作范围涵盖当时的重庆市、四川省、贵州省、云南省、西康省)。1981年,负责筹备创建重庆市美术家协会,担任首届常务副主席兼秘书长;发起创建重庆国画院,任顾问。负责筹备创建重庆美专,任校长。主持了1949年后最早的重庆美术馆(解放碑夫子池美术展览馆)工作。先后担任文化、新闻、出版等美术方面负责人。作为20世纪中期与后期我国美术事业的开拓者之一、1949年后四川与重庆美术的重要奠基人之一,对于建立、推动和促进川渝等近现代美术事业的形成、繁荣与发展作出了重要贡献。

 

艺术创作与艺术创造力

 

朱宣咸创作了一大批大气磅礴、品种丰富,具有笔墨当随时代之学术性的中国画;一大批系统完整来自新兴木刻本源、具有表现主义特色、时代感与抒情性之新兴木刻版画;同时,也是1950年代与60年代创作与发表漫画作品数量最大的美术家之一。还广泛涉猎与创作了一大批水彩、水粉、插画与连环画。

这,也体现了其特有的艺术学术性与旺盛的艺术创造力。

 

朱宣咸艺术回顾展

 

2017年5月,“朱宣咸艺术回顾展”在重庆美术馆举行,展览由中国美术家协会等主办,重庆市美术家协会、浙江省美术家协会、上海市美术家协会、四川省美术家协会等承办,四川美术学院等协办。

 

 

Master of Eastern and Western Arts

——Zhu Xuanxian 中文
 

Zhu Xuanxian(朱宣咸), 1927-2002, born in Zhejiang and deceased in Chongqing, with a pseudonym Zheren, was a prominent master of Chinese paintings, woodcut artist, caricaturist and art activists.

 

Starting Chinese painting, Chinese new woodcut art and editorial cartoon career in the 40s of the 20th century, after moving from Zhejiang to Shanghai, adhering devotedly to the Shanghai School and Lu Xun’s Woodcut Art, He engaged in the battle against Japanese aggression in the frontline of the “Occupied Area” with his works during the Chinese Anti-Japanese War. He became a member of the China National Art Workers' Association in 1946 and was arrested in “The Observer” Incident, a known incident in Chinese modern history happened in Shanghai. In 1948, he, Liu Kaiju, Zhang Leping, Pany Xunqin and Yang Keyang jointly published the “Declaration of Art Workers” on Ta Kung Pao on behalf of Shanghai fine arts, sparking a new era of the fine arts in the KMT-controlled area and Shanghai modern history of art. His working at the China National Art Workers' Association at the same time marked the beginning of the early art industry. After being relocated to Chongqing in the late 1949 and becoming the active director of the Association Chongqing Branch (today’s China Artists Association) in 1951, he participated in planning and founding of several associations and organizations with a capacity of founder, director, chairman, consultant or principal, including the founding of Chongqing Federation of Literary and Art Circles in 1951, founding and directing Southwest Art Workers’ Association (today’s Sichuan Artists Association) in 1953, planning and founding of Chongqing Artists Association in 1981, where he also worked as the first executive vice chairman and secretary general and consultant later to preside over the early work of Chongqing Art Museum. He was the founder and a consultant of Institute of Chongqing Chinese Painting (now Chongqing Art Museum) and a former principal of Chongqing Academy of Fine Arts. As one of the forerunners of China’s art industry in the mid- and late-20thcentury and the founder of Chongqing fine arts following 1949, Zhu’s contribution in founding, promotion and advocacy to the formation, prosperity and development of the contemporary art industry of Chongqing are immeasurable.

 

From definitive realism to pure art, Zhu’s art life echoes his endless pursuit of the ideal of truth, goodness and beauty and lauding of art with untoned Zeitgeist, lyricism and artistic pluralism.

 

Sparing no traditional elements and rejecting none modernistic ingredients, Zhu spent a half-century exploring Chinese and Western paintings and infusing Western artistic elements of woodcut into Chinese painting and Chinese philosophy into woodcut printmaking. His works reveal the profundity of traditional Chinese art mingled with innovation, vivaciousness, freshness and dynamism, an integration of Chinese and Western painting and cohesion of tradition and modernity, which define his pioneering and mesmerizing artistic accomplishments.

 

His works abound, ranging from Chinese brush painting, woodcut painting, editorial cartoon, watercolor, gouache, illustration to comicstrips, which have been selected in a series of national art exhibitions and collected by National Art Museum of China in 1944, publications and art dictionaries. Media critics have given generous reviews. His works have been published and exhibited numerous times, such as the Selected Art Works by Zhu Xuanxian, Chinese Paintings of Flower and Bird by Zhu Xuanxian (Selected Collection)Collection of Woodcut Paintings by Zhu XuanxianSelected Collection of Landscape Woodcuts by Zhu XuanxianZhu Xuanxian’s ComicsZhu XuanxianA Master of Brush Evergreen (Forever Inspiration – Artist Zhu Xuanxian) and Selected Collection Works by Zhu Xuanxian.